Thromboembolism in Pregnancy – Recommendations

Thromboembolism in pregnancy - Recommendations

The adaptation of the maternal hemostatic system to pregnancy predisposes women to an increased risk of thromboembolism. In the developing world, the leading cause of maternal death is hemorrhage; however, in developed nations, where hemorrhage is more often successfully treated and prevented, thromboembolic disease is one of the leading causes of death. The prevalence and […]

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Antepartum Fetal Surveillance: Clinical Considerations and Recommendations

Antepartum Fetal Surveillance: Clinical Considerations and Recommendations

The primary goal of antenatal testing is to identify fetuses at risk for intrauterine injury or death, so that these adverse outcomes can be prevented. Since the development of technologies for electronic fetal heart rate monitoring in the 1970s, and with increasing sophistication of ultrasound and Doppler imaging, an array of techniques for antenatal assessment […]

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Antepartum Fetal Surveillance: The Techniques

Antepartum Fetal Surveillance: The Techniques

The overarching goal of childbirth education is to have a healthy birth. Antenatal fetal surveillance is a field of increasing importance in modern obstetrics, especially as results in perinatal care have recently made dramatic progress. The goal of antepartum fetal surveillance is to prevent fetal death. Antepartum fetal surveillance techniques based on assessment of fetal […]

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Gestational Diabetes Mellitus: Screening and Diagnosis

Gestational Diabetes Mellitus: Screening and Diagnosis

Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a condition in women who have carbohydrate intolerance with onset or recognition during pregnancy. With the increase in obesity and sedentary lifestyle, the prevalence of DM among reproductive-aged women is increasing globally. In view of the increasing prevalence of GDM and fetal and neonatal complications associated with it, there is […]

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Nonobstetric Surgery During Pregnancy

Nonobstetric Surgery During Pregnancy

An Overview The need for anesthesia and surgery during pregnancy occurs in 1.5% to 2.0% of all pregnancies. The operations include those directly related to pregnancy (e.g., cerclage), those indirectly related to pregnancy (e.g., ovarian cystectomy), and those unrelated to gestation (e.g., appendectomy, cholecystectomy). The diagnosis of any medical condition requiring surgical intervention in pregnancy […]

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Screening for Perinatal Depression

Screening for Perinatal Depression

Depression is the leading cause of disease‐related disability among women. In particular, women of childbearing age are at high risk for major depression. Pregnancy and new motherhood may increase the risk of depressive episodes. Depression during the perinatal period can have devastating consequences, not only for the women experiencing it but also for the women’s […]

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